India National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)


India NCAP ReviewDate: December, 2019

In April 2018, the environment ministry released a draft of the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP). Its main goal is “to meet the prescribed annual average ambient air quality standards at all locations in the country in a stipulated timeframe.” Given the state of air quality in India, any initiative by the Government of India is a welcome one, especially given the lack of monitoring data in the research space and the lack of enforcement of existing laws to curb emissions. The current NCAP draft is essentially a research programme designed to build institutional and technical capacity of central and the state pollution boards. The timeline of all proposals conclude in less than two years from the start. There is also no mention of a time-bound ambient air quality target to achieve or how. A review of the draft is presented here.

In 2019, full program proposal was released and this includes 122 non-attainment cities, who are required to submit an action plan to reduce their respective air pollution levels in 2024 by at least 20%.

Below is a summary of action plans by state as infographics. This evaluation was conducted jointly with researchers at CEEW (New Delhi, India).

Documents

  • The draft NCAP proposal (2018)
  • The final NCAP proposal (2019)
  • City by city approved action plans are available here or here. As of July 2020, 102 action plans are approved.
  • How robust are urban India’s clean air plans? An assessment of 102 plans – Technical review report (2020) is available for Download.
  • Air Pollution Knowledge Assessments (APnA) city program (2017, 2019)
    The program currently covers 60 Indian cities – Agra, Amritsar, Bengaluru, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh-Ambala-Patiala, Chennai, Coimbatore, Dehra Dun, Indore, Jaipur, Kanpur, Kochi, Ludhiana, Nagpur, Patna, Pune, Raipur-Durg-Bhilai, Ranchi, Varanasi, Agartala, Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Asansol-Durgapur, Aurangabad, Dharwad-Hubli, Dhanbad-Bokaro, Gaya, Guwahati-Dispur, Gwalior, Hyderabad, Jamshedpur, Jodhpur, Kolkata-Howrah, Kota, Lucknow, Madurai, Mumbai, Nashik, Panjim-Vasco-Margao, Puducherry, Rajkot, Shimla, Srinagar, Surat, Thiruvananthapuram, Tiruchirapalli, Vadodara, Vijayawada-Guntur, and Visakhapatnam
    [Browse individual city reports @Repository] [Quick look leaflets]
    [Summary report (2017)] [Summary report (2019)]
    [Summary of monthly concentrations and source contributions by city]
    [Poster of APnA city program]
    [Journal article (2014) – Nature of air pollution, emission sources, and management in Indian cities]
    [Journal article (2019) – Air pollution knowledge assessments for 20 Indian cities]

Op-Eds on NCAP

  • Our clean air plan is a missed chance (Hindustan Times, Apr 2019)
  • National Clean Air Programme: Good idea but weak mandate (Down to Earth, Jan 2019)
  • Expect No Surprises on Air Pollution This Budget (The WIRE, Jan 2019)
  • The Updated National Clean Air Programme Is Effectively Blind (The WIRE, Sep 2018)
  • The Draft National Clean Air Programme Is Spirited but Lacks Action Points (The WIRE, May, 2018)

Definition of phrases used in this evaluation

PhraseDefinition
Action pointsEach of the interventions to control air pollution discussed in the respective action plans
Institutionalall interventions mentioned as overseeing, planning, proposing, preparing, investigating, identifying, ensuring, strengthening, training, studying, and engaging
Physicalall interventions mentioned as buying, installing, retrofitting, and cleaning
Economicall interventions mentioned as incentivizing and promoting
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List of states, union territories, and cities in NCAP

State/Union TerritoryCity(s)
Andhra PradeshAnantapur, Chitoor, Eluru, Guntur, Kadapa, Kurnool, Nellore, Ongole, Rajahmundry, Srikakulam, Vijayawada, Vishakhapatnam, Vizianagaram
AssamGuwahati, Nagaon, Nalbari, Sibsagar, Silchar
BiharGaya, Muzaffarpur, Patna
ChandigarhChandigarh
ChhattisgarhBhilai, Korba, Raipur
DelhiDelhi
GujaratAhmedabad, Surat, Vadodara
Himachal PradeshBaddi, Damtal, Kala Amb, Nalagarh, Paonta Sahib, Parwanoo, Sunder Nagar
Jammu & KashmirJammu, Srinagar
JharkhandDhanbad
KarnatakaBengaluru, Devanagere, Gulburga, Hubli-Dharwad
Madhya PradeshBhopal, Dewas, Gwalior, Indore, Sagar, Ujjain
MaharashtraAkola, Amravati, Aurangabad, Badlapur, Chandrapur, Jalgaon, Jalna, Kolhapur, Latur, Mumbai, Nagpur, Nashik, Navi Mumbai, Pune, Sangli, Solapur, Thane, Ulhasnagar
MeghalayaByrnihat
NagalandDimapur, Kohima
OdishaAngul, Balasore, Bhubneshwar, Cuttack, Kalinga Nagar, Rourkela, Talcher
PunjabAmritsar, Dera Bassi, Gobindgarh, Jalandhar, Khanna, Ludhiana, Naya Nangal, Pathankot/Dera Baba, Patiala
RajasthanAlwar, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota, Udaipur
Tamil NaduTrichy, Tuticorin
TelanganaHyderabad, Nalgonda, Patencheru, Sangareddy
Uttar PradeshAgra, Allahabad, Anpara, Bareily, Firozabad, Gajraula, Ghaziabad, Jhansi, Kanpur, Khurja, Lucknow, Moradabad, Noida, Raebareli, Varanasi
UttarakhandDehradun, Kashipur, Rishikesh
West BengalAsansol, Barrackpore, Durgapur, Haldia, Howrah, Kolkata, Ranigunj

Summary of action plans by state

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