In April 2018, the environment ministry released a draft of the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP). Its main goal is “to meet the prescribed annual average ambient air quality standards at all locations in the country in a stipulated timeframe.” Given the state of air quality in India, any initiative by the Government of India is a welcome one, especially given the lack of monitoring data in the research space and the lack of enforcement of existing laws to curb emissions. The current NCAP draft is essentially a research programme designed to build institutional and technical capacity of central and the state pollution boards. The timeline of all proposals conclude in less than two years from the start. There is also no mention of a time-bound ambient air quality target to achieve or how. A review of the draft is presented here.
In 2019, full program proposal was released and this includes 122 non-attainment cities, who are required to submit an action plan to reduce their respective air pollution levels in 2024 by at least 20%.
Here we present an overview of these action plans (approved as of 2019-Nov-25) as infographics.
This evaluation was conducted jointly with researchers at CEEW (New Delhi, India). Technical review report (2020) is available for Download.
Definition of phrases used in this evaluation
|Action points||Each of the interventions to control air pollution discussed in the respective action plans|
|Institutional||all interventions mentioned as overseeing, planning, proposing, preparing, investigating, identifying, ensuring, strengthening, training, studying, and engaging|
|Physical||all interventions mentioned as buying, installing, retrofitting, and cleaning|
|Economic||all interventions mentioned as incentivizing and promoting|
List of states, union territories, and cities in NCAP
|Andhra Pradesh||Anantapur, Chitoor, Eluru, Guntur, Kadapa, Kurnool, Nellore, Ongole, Rajahmundry, Srikakulam, Vijayawada, Vishakhapatnam, Vizianagaram|
|Assam||Guwahati, Nagaon, Nalbari, Sibsagar, Silchar|
|Bihar||Gaya, Muzaffarpur, Patna|
|Chhattisgarh||Bhilai, Korba, Raipur|
|Gujarat||Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara|
|Himachal Pradesh||Baddi, Damtal, Kala Amb, Nalagarh, Paonta Sahib, Parwanoo, Sunder Nagar|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Jammu, Srinagar|
|Karnataka||Bengaluru, Devanagere, Gulburga, Hubli-Dharwad|
|Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal, Dewas, Gwalior, Indore, Sagar, Ujjain|
|Maharashtra||Akola, Amravati, Aurangabad, Badlapur, Chandrapur, Jalgaon, Jalna, Kolhapur, Latur, Mumbai, Nagpur, Nashik, Navi Mumbai, Pune, Sangli, Solapur, Thane, Ulhasnagar|
|Odisha||Angul, Balasore, Bhubneshwar, Cuttack, Kalinga Nagar, Rourkela, Talcher|
|Punjab||Amritsar, Dera Bassi, Gobindgarh, Jalandhar, Khanna, Ludhiana, Naya Nangal, Pathankot/Dera Baba, Patiala|
|Rajasthan||Alwar, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota, Udaipur|
|Tamil Nadu||Trichy, Tuticorin|
|Telangana||Hyderabad, Nalgonda, Patencheru, Sangareddy|
|Uttar Pradesh||Agra, Allahabad, Anpara, Bareily, Firozabad, Gajraula, Ghaziabad, Jhansi, Kanpur, Khurja, Lucknow, Moradabad, Noida, Raebareli, Varanasi|
|Uttarakhand||Dehradun, Kashipur, Rishikesh|
|West Bengal||Asansol, Barrackpore, Durgapur, Haldia, Howrah, Kolkata, Ranigunj|
Summary of action plans by state