India National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)


India NCAP ReviewDate: December, 2019

In April 2018, the environment ministry released a draft of the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP). Its main goal is “to meet the prescribed annual average ambient air quality standards at all locations in the country in a stipulated timeframe.” Given the state of air quality in India, any initiative by the Government of India is a welcome one, especially given the lack of monitoring data in the research space and the lack of enforcement of existing laws to curb emissions. The current NCAP draft is essentially a research programme designed to build institutional and technical capacity of central and the state pollution boards. The timeline of all proposals conclude in less than two years from the start. There is also no mention of a time-bound ambient air quality target to achieve or how. A review of the draft is presented here.

In 2019, full program proposal was released and this includes 122 non-attainment cities, who are required to submit an action plan to reduce their respective air pollution levels in 2024 by at least 20%.

Download the draft NCAP proposal (2018) here.
Download the final NCAP proposal (2019) here.
All the approved action plans are available for review here.

Here we present an overview of these action plans (approved as of 2019-Nov-25) as infographics.
This evaluation was conducted jointly with researchers at CEEW (New Delhi, India). Technical review report (2020) is available for Download.

Definition of phrases used in this evaluation

PhraseDefinition
Action pointsEach of the interventions to control air pollution discussed in the respective action plans
Institutionalall interventions mentioned as overseeing, planning, proposing, preparing, investigating, identifying, ensuring, strengthening, training, studying, and engaging
Physicalall interventions mentioned as buying, installing, retrofitting, and cleaning
Economicall interventions mentioned as incentivizing and promoting
India NCAP Review India NCAP Review India NCAP Review
India NCAP Review India NCAP Review India NCAP Review

List of states, union territories, and cities in NCAP

State/Union TerritoryCity(s)
Andhra PradeshAnantapur, Chitoor, Eluru, Guntur, Kadapa, Kurnool, Nellore, Ongole, Rajahmundry, Srikakulam, Vijayawada, Vishakhapatnam, Vizianagaram
AssamGuwahati, Nagaon, Nalbari, Sibsagar, Silchar
BiharGaya, Muzaffarpur, Patna
ChandigarhChandigarh
ChhattisgarhBhilai, Korba, Raipur
DelhiDelhi
GujaratAhmedabad, Surat, Vadodara
Himachal PradeshBaddi, Damtal, Kala Amb, Nalagarh, Paonta Sahib, Parwanoo, Sunder Nagar
Jammu & KashmirJammu, Srinagar
JharkhandDhanbad
KarnatakaBengaluru, Devanagere, Gulburga, Hubli-Dharwad
Madhya PradeshBhopal, Dewas, Gwalior, Indore, Sagar, Ujjain
MaharashtraAkola, Amravati, Aurangabad, Badlapur, Chandrapur, Jalgaon, Jalna, Kolhapur, Latur, Mumbai, Nagpur, Nashik, Navi Mumbai, Pune, Sangli, Solapur, Thane, Ulhasnagar
MeghalayaByrnihat
NagalandDimapur, Kohima
OdishaAngul, Balasore, Bhubneshwar, Cuttack, Kalinga Nagar, Rourkela, Talcher
PunjabAmritsar, Dera Bassi, Gobindgarh, Jalandhar, Khanna, Ludhiana, Naya Nangal, Pathankot/Dera Baba, Patiala
RajasthanAlwar, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota, Udaipur
Tamil NaduTrichy, Tuticorin
TelanganaHyderabad, Nalgonda, Patencheru, Sangareddy
Uttar PradeshAgra, Allahabad, Anpara, Bareily, Firozabad, Gajraula, Ghaziabad, Jhansi, Kanpur, Khurja, Lucknow, Moradabad, Noida, Raebareli, Varanasi
UttarakhandDehradun, Kashipur, Rishikesh
West BengalAsansol, Barrackpore, Durgapur, Haldia, Howrah, Kolkata, Ranigunj

Summary of action plans by state

India NCAP Review India NCAP Review India NCAP Review India NCAP Review
India NCAP Review India NCAP Review India NCAP Review India NCAP Review
India NCAP Review India NCAP Review India NCAP Review India NCAP Review
India NCAP Review India NCAP Review India NCAP Review India NCAP Review
India NCAP Review India NCAP Review India NCAP Review India NCAP Review
India NCAP Review India NCAP Review