Resource Links: Energy, Emissions, & Air Pollution Analysis in India


Here are some data sources useful for compiling energy, emissions, and air pollution analysis in India

India NCAP ReviewOfficial portals

Acts and Rules

  • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, amended 1987
    • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Rules, 1982
    • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Rules, 1983
  • Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and Rules thereunder
  • National Green Tribunal Act, 2010
  • National Ambient Air Quality Standards, amended 2009

Environmental Standards


Ambient Air Monitoring

  • 101 style blog piece on air monitoring in India
  • Guidelines and technical specifications
    • 2003 – guidelines for ambient air monitoring
    • 2015 – technical specifications for continuous ambient air quality monitoring stations (CAAQMS)
    • 2018 – technical specifications for continuous emissions monitoring (CEMS)
  • Number of monitoring states recommended by state and by district (based on the guidelines published by CPCB, 2003)
  • National Ambient Monitoring Program (NAMP) – manual monitoring network operated and maintained by CPCB, India
  • Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring System (CAAQMS) – real-time monitoring network operated and maintained by CPCB, India
    • How to access real-time and archived CAAQMS data?
  • System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research (SAFAR) – real-time monitoring network operated and maintained by IITM, Pune, India
  • A global summary of outdoor ambient air quality data by WHO (2018)
  • openaq.org – aggregator of official real-time monitoring data across the globe (blog piece on how to access data)
  • IQair – aggregator of official and unofficial data across the globle
  • Breezo.in – aggregator of official real-time monitoring data in India
  • AirVeda – unofficial network of low-cost sensors
  • AQI.in – unofficial network of low-cost sensors
  • Purple Air – unofficial network of low-cost sensors
  • Clarity – unofficial network of low-cost sensors
  • Full resource links with illustrations

Health Impact Analysis

  • Visualization portal for 1990-2018 global burden of disease estimates (IHME-GBD)
    • Resource links to methodology and inputs
  • Visualization portal for State of the Global Air (SOGA) by Health Effects Institute (HEI)
  • India state-level disease burden initiative by ICMR and PHFI (2019)
    • State-level reports (PHFI)
  • Burden of disease attributable to major sources of air pollution in India (GBDMAPS-India) by HEI
  • Air Quality Life Index (AQLI) by U.Chicago
  • Health impacts analysis tools
    • Household Air Pollution Intervention Tool (HAPIT)
    • Air pollution health effects online tool by TERI
    • CO-Benefits Risk Assessment (COBRA) health impacts screening and mapping tool by USEPA
    • Environmental BENefits MAPping and analysis program (BENMAP) by USEPA
    • AirCounts tool by Abt Associates
    • Tool for health risk assessment of air pollution – AirQ+ by WHO
    • FAst Scenario Screening Tool (FASST) by EU
    • Greenhouse gas – Air pollution INteractions and Synergies (GAINS) by IIASA
    • The Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning – Integrated Benefits Calculator (LEAP-IBC) by SEI
    • Simple Internative Models for better air quality (SIM-air) by Urban Emissions

National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)

  • Draft NCAP proposal (2018)
  • Final NCAP proposal (2019)
  • City by city approved action plans are available here or here
  • A review of the 102 approved action plans (as of July, 2020) – conducted by Urban Emissions and CEEW

Compiled statistics

Compiled GIS data and maps

  • Community created maps of India by datameet
  • Openstreetmaps (GIS)
  • Mapcruzin.com (GIS)
  • Global Human Settlements (GHS) – urban built areas
  • Land cover data 1992-2015 (ESA)
  • Gridded Population
    • Global database GPW from SEDAC
    • Global database Landscan from ORNL
    • India database for 2011-2050 at 0.25° resolution from Urban Emissions

Compiled energy databases

  • India energy dashboard by Niti Aayog
  • India Energy Security Scenarios (IESS) by Niti Aayog
  • GHG Platform India (GPI) by multiple agencies
  • International Energy Agency (IEA)
  • Greenhouse gas – Air pollution INteractions and Synergies (GAINS) by IIASA

Compiled emission databases

  • MIX regional emissions database for Asia
  • REAS regional emissions database for Asia
  • EDGAR global emissions inventory
  • CAMS global emissions inventory
  • ECCAD global compilation of emissions and ancillary data
  • SAFAR India emissions inventory by Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology  (contact)
  • SMoG-India emissions inventory by Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
  • OMI-HTAPv2.2 SO2 global emissions inventory 2005-2019 (NASA)
  • Greenhouse gas – Air pollution INteractions and Synergies (GAINS) by IIASA
  • MEGAN global biogenic emissions
  • Forest and agricultural fires
    • Fire emissions Inventory from NCAR (FINN) by UCAR
    • Global fire emissions database (GFED)
    • Global fire emissions database (IS4FIRES)
    • Blended global fire emissions database (GBBEPx V3) by NOAA
    • Global quick fire emissions database (QFED) by NASA
    • Global fire assimilation system (GFAS) by ECMWF

Compiled modeled reanalysis fields

  • MOZART global model by UCAR
  • CAM-chem global community earth system model by UCAR
  • CAMS global reanalysis model by ECMWF
  • MERRA-2 global reanalysis model by NASA
  • SAANS India reanalysis model by IIT-Delhi
  • Global PM2.5 reanalysis by WUSTL
    • Extracted India database for 1998-2018 from Urban Emissions

Compiled meteorological fields

  • Indian Meteorological Department (IMD)
  • Climate Explorer by KNMI for stationwise data
  • NCEP global reanalysis fields (long-term achives)
  • Global Forecast System (GFS) fields (short-term archives)
  • Windy (open visualization portal)
  • Earth Nullschool (open visualization portal)
  • Compiled meteorological data for Indian districts (from Urban Emissions)

Industry

  • Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI)
  • Annual reports by MOSPI
  • Annual reports by the Ministry of Steel
  • Annual reports by the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
  • Annual reports by the Ministry of Mines
  • Annual reports by the Cement Manufacturers Association
  • Annual reports by the Ministry of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises
  • Annual reports by the Ministry of Textiles
  • Annual reports by the Ministry of Coal
  • Annual reports by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
  • Annual reports by the Department of Heavy Industry
  • Annual reports by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairy
  • Annual reports by the Department of Fisheries
  • Annual reports by the Department of Pharmaceuticals
  • Annual reports by the Department of Chemical and Petro-chemicals

Power Plants

Transport (road)

  • National Transport Development Policy Committee (NTDPC) report – Moving India to 2032
  • Annual reports by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
  • Annual reports by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
  • Urban transport reports by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
  • AMRUT/JNNURM city development reports
  • Smart Cities Mission – city development reports
  • Google directions API for traffic speeds (paid service)
  • Tom Tom traffic index (paid service)

Transport (rail, aviation, and shipping)

  • Shipping – full resource links
  • Aviation global emissions inventory by EDGAR
  • Departures and arrivals information by AirSewa
  • Railway train schedules
  • Departures and arrivals information by flightstats (paid service)
  • Cargo tonnage by rail and aviation by indiastats.com (paid service)

Residential cooking and heating

Open waste burning

  • Global trash burning emissions inventory by UCAR
  • waste management in India (database)
  • Gridded open waste burning emissions in India (2019)

Satellite feeds

  • Indian National Satellite System (INSAT) series
    • RAPID portal to visualize real-time INSAT products (IMD, Delhi)
    • Satellite derived PM2.5 (by ISRO, Dehradun)
    • Radar maps (IMD, Delhi)
    • Customized satellite maps for the Indian Subcontinent (IMD, Delhi)
  • Geostationary Environment Monitoring Spectrometer (GEMS) – hourly air quality over East Asia and part Indian Subcontinent (new)
  • Multi-Angle Imager for Aerosols (MAIA) (new)
  • Tropospheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) – NO2, SO2, Ozone, HCHO, and CH4
  • Active fire counts database from VIIRS satellite
  • Active burned area product from MODIS satellite
  • Fires visualization portal by NASA
  • ACE-FTS and MAESTRO – 50+ gaseous species
  • Cloud Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO)
  • Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME-2) – total column SO2, O3, NO2, and cloud parameters
  • Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) – CO and CH4
  • Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) – Ozone
  • Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) – near real time SO2, O3, and AOD
  • Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) – near real time AOD
  • Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography (SCIAMACHY) – multiple gases
  • Optical Spectograph and Infrared Imaging System (OSIRIS) – O3 and NO2
  • Multi-angle Imaging Spectrometer (MISR) – dust storms and aerosols
  • Global Precipitation Measurements (GPM)
  • Data centers and access methods
    • World Data Center (WDC)
    • Earth Data (NASA)
    • Data access methods (NASA)
    • Copernicus open access hub (ESA)
    • Aura Validation Data Center (AVDC, NASA)
    • The Wisconsin Horizontal Interpolation Program for Satellites (WHIPS)
    • Atmospheric Tool Box (ATB) for Sentinel-5P products
    • Google Earth Engine (GEE) for Sentinel-5P products

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